Geography 3.4: Demonstrate understanding of a given environment(s) through the selection and application of geographic concepts and skills - New 3rd Edition 2018

Author(s): Jane Evans and Cheryl Osborne


Thoroughly updated plus new case studies on Rarotonga, The Rena Disaster, and Climate Change and Biodiversity.

Geography 3.4 is a practical resource to help students pass NCEA Geography Achievement Standard 3.4 ‘Demonstrate understanding of a given environment(s) through the selection and application of geographic concepts and skills’.

The first part of the text builds on the geographic skills developed in Geography 1.4 and Geography 2.4, and the second part features a series of case studies that help students exercise these skills in a particular context.

Geography 3.4 features a wide range of activities, cartoons, photographs and case studies covering:

- Key Geographic Concepts
- Geographic writing
- Constructing and interpreting maps
- Constructing graphs and tables
- Making value judgements
- Using diagrams
- Analysing and interpreting data
- Statistical mapping

The book also includes:

- A full-colour supplement of topographical maps and photo resources
- A complete answer section which can be removed

The activities broaden students’ understanding of geographic concepts and incorporate higher-level thinking skills appropriate at this level, such as the evaluation and justification of specific issues. Case studies include Rarotonga, The Aral Sea, Energy in New Zealand, The Rena Disaster and Climate Change and Biodiversity.

Also available:
Geography 1.4 ISBN 9780947496395
Geography 2.4 ISBN 9780947496401

Product Information

Jane Evans is HOD Social Sciences at Takapuna Grammar School.

Cheryl Osborne taught Geography in New Zealand for 15 years before moving overseas. She is currently HOF Individuals and Societies at Discovery College in Hong Kong.

To the student

To the teacher

1 Introduction to Geography

Why study Geography?
What is Geography?
Key Geographic Concepts (KGC)

2 Writing Skills

Geographic writing
Analysing geographic information
Writing geographic essays

3 Mapping Skills

Constructing and interpreting maps
Using maps for analysis

4 Other Visual Skills

Constructing and interpreting graphs
Constructing and interpreting tables
Statistical mapping
Analysing diagrams and pictures
Analysing cartoons and photographs

5 Valuing Skills

Values in Geography
Learning valuing skills
Analysing values

6 Case Study I: Rarotonga

7 Case Study II: The Aral Sea

8 Case Study III: Energy in New Zealand

9 Case Study IV: The Rena Disaster

10 Case Study V: Climate Change and Biodiversity

Visual resources


General Fields

  • : 9780947496418
  • : edify
  • : edify
  • : books

Special Fields

  • : Jane Evans and Cheryl Osborne